The topic I want to talk about is environmental grow and how the environment can affect a child’s mind, I.Q, and behavior. This is a topic I choose because I was always interested in how I grew up. Knowing that growing up in Richmond made me the person I am today is an interesting thing for me to think about. The environment doesn’t fully affect a person however, genetic do too. This is a debate called the Nature vs. Nurture theory and both theories were talked about in both The Autistic Brain by Temple Grandin and The Teenage Brain by Frances Jensen. Jensen explained what both theories are but Temple gave her own opinion saying both nature and nurture affect the brain equally. I sightly agree with Temple, although Nurture theory doesn’t fully affect I.Q and behavior, the environment can change it up.
A person’s I.Q is their calculated intelligence and problem solving skill, something someone is born with. Living in a rough environment can mess their I.Q up. Overcrowded places are an example of a rough environment. According to the article from HUDuser, “ An overcrowded living situation, with it’s lack of privacy and overstimulation can affect a child’s well-being and development”. Crowded environments causes development problems meaning a child can feel unsafe and most likely have trust issues. These problems can go on in school and possibly harm their learning, lowering their I.Q and knowledge. This lack of privacy can also create psychological distress and detach parenting. (HUDuser) With this distance relationship a child has with their parents, they’re vulnerable to unwise decisions like ditching school or getting themself into juvenile without a parent figure, harming their learning and life.
The Nature vs. Nurture debate, the environment shapes us but so do genetics. The Nature theory is everything genetic, it affects our physical appearance and our personality characteristics. The nurture theory is all about the environment and people, it affects how we are raised and social relationship. (Cherry) Both theories have different ways of influences a person; environmental influences are parenting skills, learning through observation, and social learning skill. Genetic influences are looks, height, I.Q, and actions. (Cherry) Though both theories explain how a person develops and why they act like themselves, both have different arguments against them. Many argue that Nature theory is wrong because not everyone has the same skills as their parents and people with aggressive behavior or racist are can’t just be born with that way of thinking and actions. People argue about Nurture theory because of the fact that not everyone can become everything, even with 1000 hours of practice. (Grandin) Many people including Grandin believe it’s a bit of both genes and environments that make a person.
Unlike a person’s I.Q, the environment can really affect and change a person’s behavior and how they act. A traumatic environmental experience is an example of environments having a big impact on a person. One experience might make a person more aggressive or more scared than before. (Lenroot) Children are no exception, they are extremely vulnerable at a young age and the quality of an environment a young person learns and grows in can affect their physical health. (HUDuser) If the housing problem gets worse, then the children’s emotional and behavioral problem worsens. A genetic trait like schizophrenia and environmental tragedies together can really mess up a child mind and ruin their life overall.
Although Nurture theory doesn’t fully affect I.Q and behavior, the environment changes it up. This research shows that environments affect people as much as the genetic code inside their body. I was expecting result of the environment shaping everything, with genetics only affecting the features on the outside and nothing in the mind, but after finishing my research I figured out that I was wrong, very wrong; genes and environments both make up the mind with genetics doing most of it. Both genetics and environments mold and build a children’s brain until their adult when their brains are fully develop. Even with bad genetic conditions, a child will still be affected by the environment as much as normal kids.
Cherry, Kenda. What is Nature vs. Nurture? VeryWellMind, 28 February 2018 https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-nature-versus-nurture-2795392 accessed 8 March 2018
Giedd, Jay and Rhoshel Lenroot, The changing impact of genes and environment on brain development during childhood and adolescence: Initial findings from a neuroimaging study of pediatric twins. PMC, Fall 2008, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2892674/ accessed 11 March 2018
Housing’s and Neighborhoods’ Role in Shaping Children’s Future. HUDuser, Fall 2018,
https://www.huduser.gov/portal/periodicals/em/fall14/highlight1.html accessed 11 March 2018
Johnson, George. To What Degree Does Environment Affect I.Q.? BiologyWriter, 2003, http://biologywriter.com/on-science/articles/intelligence/ accessed 11 March, 2018