I am researching cocaine and its effects on our body and brain. I see alot of people do cocaine and I see them changing more and more each day. I dont think it is really related to the articles we have read, but it does have things in common with the brain. I have always wanted to know about cocaine and its effects since in my life it is a every day thing. I have a lot of family members and friends who are in prison or in rehab centers because of cocaine addiction, and I wanted to know why and what makes this drug so addicting, and why their body starts changing and why people that consume cocaine start being more quiet, like depressed.
Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimlulant drug made from the coca plant native to South America. Other names for cocaine are coke, rock, snow, crack, blow, soda cot, and coca (Cocaine). People usually snort cocaine, although you may rub it into gums or also disolve it in water and inject it. Street dealers often mix it with cornstarch, talcum powder, or flour to increase profits. They can also mix it with other drugs (Cocaine). Some doctors use it for medical reasons, but it still is an illegal drug. “Although health care providers can use it for valid medical purposes, such as local anesthesia for some surgeries, cocaine is an illegal drug.”(Cocaine). Although doctor use it, it is illegal because if not used correctly it can lead to overdose and death.
The legal status in cocaine is that it is a schedule ll drug and it has to be controlled because if not it may lead to overdose. “Cocaine is a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substances Act, meaning it has a high potential for abuse and limited medical usage.”(DEA). Cocaine overdose can occur immedietly after consuming it or time later. Using cocaine at an excessive rate can lead to overdose, “Death from overdose can occur on the first use of cocaine or unexpectedly thereafter. Many people who use cocaine also drink alcohol at the same time, which is particularly risky and can lead to overdose. Others mix cocaine with heroin, another dangerous—and deadly—combination.”(Cocaine). Although Cocaine overdose can be treated, it can still have negative effect in the boy and brain. You can treat cocaine overdose by restoring blood flow to the heart, restoring oxygen-rich blood supply to the affected part of the brain and stopping the seizure(Cocaine). You should go to a hospital for cocaine overdose but the first think to do while waiting for help is check if the person is breathing and their heart rate.
Cocaina affects our body and brain in many ways but to name a few cocaine prevents pleasure and movement, also the smell of food, cocaine speeds up HIV infections and can also lead to Heppatitis C (Cocoaine). Snorting cocaine can cause a loss of sense of smell, nosebleeds, problems swallowing, hoarseness and a runny nose; smoking cocaine can cause lung damage like Peumonia, Broncholitis, Pulmunary, Hypertension, Emohysema, infections or tumors(This is what cocaine does to your body and brain). Cocaine stimulates the sympathetic nerveous system, which regulates our “fight or flight” response. This also tightens up the vessels that ferry blood throygh our oxygens and tissues(This is what cocaine does to your body and brain).
There is also other effects that are a little bit more complicated to explain like how the use of cocaine leads to addiction. The brain gets so used to the effects and after using for a while need to start taking more an d more to feel the same effects(Cocaine). The long term effects on cocaine depend on the way cocaine is being used, the common use is by snorting which was already explained in the last paragraph but there is also other ways like consuming by mouth which causes severe bowel decay from reduced blood flow, and by needle injection which causes a higher risk for contracting HIV, hepatitis C, and other blood born diseases(Cocaine). Short term effects include extreme happiness and energy, mental alterness, Irritability, Paranoia and hypersensitivity to sight, sound, and touch(Cocaine). These were the most common effects on the body and brain, you can get treated for cocaine addiction but it is really hard to let go something you are so used to.
In conclusion I can say I agree with what i have researched because I have family and friends who have used this drug and I see them have the same symptoms that are described here, a friend told me that cocaine did not to effect to her anymore so now she does crystal, and she consumes large doeses as times passes so she can feel the same effects; giving another expample of her she said she uses it to feel numb, saying it makes her feel happy and that is another way she forgets about her problmes and everything. I thnk in most cases people become addictive to cocaine when they have problems going on or they like the adrenaline they feel when they are under the effects of it. There are ways to treat it, but we cant force nobody to want to leave it, I seen cases where people who stop taking their doses go crazy and end up taking their own lifes. So the best thing is to make them understand why they should leave it and them to accept they have an adiction and it has to be treated.
Brodwin, Erin. This is what cocaine does to you body and brain. Independent, Newspaper, 6 May 2016, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/what-cocaine-does-to-your-body-and-brain-a7017201.html?scrlybrkr=edf0afb3. Accessed 8 March 2018.
Cocaine. NIH (National Institue in Drug Abuse), June 2016, https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/cocaine. Accessed 8 March 2018.
Drug Fact Sheet. DEA (Drug Enforcment Administraction), https://www.dea.gov/druginfo/drug_data_sheets/Cocaine.pdf. Accessed 12 March 2018.
What is Cocaine. Narcocon, 2018, http://www.narconon.org/drug-information/what-is-cocaine.html. Accessed 12 March 2018.