Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that causes someone to have social communication and interaction deficits caused by autism affecting certain parts of the brain. I chose the topic of ASD because I find it intriguing. I find ASD intriguing because it affects the brain and behavior of someone who would be diagnosed with autism. This topic relates to Temple Grandin’s chapter because she has autism and the whole chapter is about how ASD doesn’t turn someone’s life upside down The thing I want to know most about ASD is what causes it. I want to know this so I could have a better understanding of it. But the only downside is that it is that there is no direct cause of autism.

ASD affects the way people think, act, communicate, and learn. For example in one source I found, it is stated that one of the symptoms that are found in people with autism is poor communications and interactions with others as well as routines and repetitive behaviors (Autism spectrum disorder). This evidence shows that people with ASD have a hard time communicating with others and also have a set mind on certain actions which backs up my claim that asd affects the way people think. Another example would come from my third source where it states that some things that could happen while learning is: Impaired acquisition of words, use in understanding nonverbal and verbal communication, vocal development deficits, symbolic play understanding, and more. This shows that people with asd have problems with understanding others and also have struggles with learning verbally. In conclusion people with asd have trouble communicating with others and have complex behaviors.

Also, Asd could mostly be caused environmentally, genetically, and by mutations. One bit of evidence to support this is that most people with asd have different mutations or combinations of mutations in their genes and older siblings with autism makes the next child have a 20% higher chance of having asd (Autism spectrum disorder). This shows that asd could be passed down by family and mutations in genes. More evidence to back this up would be in my first source where it states “In a few cases autistic behavior is caused by: Rubella in the pregnant mother,Tuberous sclerosis, Fragile x syndrome, Encephalitis, Untreated phenylketonuria-when the body lacks an enzyme needed for normal metabolism.”This evidence shows that asd is caused though other syndromes in the parents. And the last piece of evidence I have is that some environmental exposures are lead, polychlorinated biphenyls, and insecticides (Autism). This shows that one of the leading causes to asd is environment. So in conclusion there isn’t just one exact cause for asd and is still being looked into.

So what causes asd? Asd is one of many mental disorders that have no full case. The causes are found by doing extensive research on people, and scientists have used these findings to find a true cause. But until then we have many causes thus making the case complex. While researching asd I have had more sympathy for them than anyone else. For example people with asd are more likely to be bullied because they act different that normal. I also learned that there is no problem that has a simple cause. And what I would like to know more about is how people with asd cope.

What Causes Autism? United Cerebral Palsy, 2017. http://www.mychildwithoutlimits.org/understand/autism/what-causes-autism/. Accessed 3 March 2017

Autism Spectrum Disorder. National Institute of Mental Health. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/autism-spectrum-disorders-asd/index.shtml/. Accessed 8 march 2017

Autism. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, © 1997-2017. http://www.asha.org/PRPSpecificTopic.aspx?folderid=8589935303&section=Causes. Accessed 8 March 2017

Autism Spectrum Disorder. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, © 1998-2017. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/autism-spectrum-disorder/basics/causes/con-20021148?scrlybrkr. Accessed 8 March 2017

 

 

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