Autism

The topic that I will be researching is Autism. I’m interested in this topic because I’ve always  wanted to know where autism came from and the challenges people with Autism faced. This relates to Temple Grandin’s chapter “From the Margins to the Mainstream” because she talks about the “roses and thorns” of people with autism and that’s what I will be talking about in my essay. My research question is How does having Autism make like more challenging? Autistic people have a hard time communicating, and there were many types of Autistic Spectrum Disorders but also there were many famous people with autism who were successful.

Autistic people have a hard time communicating. “People on the Autism Spectrum faced many issues, including some problems and some challenges on a day to day basis” (Source #2) For example autistic people may find it hard to communicate with other people. Albert Einstein had this problem. According to researchers “Einstein was difficult with social interactions, he was very intelligent but found his language difficult at times. He had a hard time learning in school because he didn’t really have different teaching styles autistic children needed” (Source #1) This shows what an autistic person had challenges with speaking, learning etc. Another notable figure was Amadeus Mozart. “Mozart reportedly had repeated his facial expressions an unintentional constant motion of his hands and feet it was also believed that Mozart’s hearing was very sensitive and intense and loud sounds made him feel physically sick” (Source #1) I heard that many people with autism are very sensitive with loud sounds so they may panic and I know this because a student in my class does that. Although they faced many problems they were still intelligent.

Here are some examples of ASD or better known as Autism Spectrum Disorder. “ASD occurs in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups but are almost 5 times more common among boys than girls.” (Source #4) This explains where ASD occurs and the estimates on how it works. CDC estimates that about 1 in 68 children (2014 CDC) has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). “Autistic people may have additional conditions, (which bring their own issues) such as epilepsy or gastrointestinal problems.” (Source #4) Relatives and caretakers of autistic people also face many issues, and some problems on a day to day basis. “For example many of them become worried and exhausted looking after someone with autism and they face the frustration of trying to find accurate information about interventions which work or of trying to cope with the lack of adequate services.” (Source #2) So I think it’s important that that they try to help them with their behavior and most important that their carers can find interventions, treatments,therapies, and services that will help.

In addition there are many types of ASD but there are signs and symptoms to go with them. There are 3 types of asd that I researched Autistic Disorder, Asperger’s Syndrome, and Pervasive Development Disorder. Autistic Disorder “people with this disorder usually have significant language delays, social and communication challenges and unusual behaviors and interests.” (Source #4) People with Asperger’s Syndrome “usually have some milder symptoms of autistic disorder, they might have social challenges and unusual behaviors and interest but they do not have problems with language or intellectual disability.” (Source #4) I know autism is bad but but on the scale of 1-10 I think this type of ASD would be a 2 because I dont think its as bad as the others. Pervasive Development Disorder is when “people meet some of the criteria for autistic disorder or Asperger’s Syndrome but not all, may be diagnosed with PDD-NOS.” (Source #4) Now we have the types of ASD, these are some signs and symptoms of your child have ASD. “No response to names by 12 months, not point to objects to show interest (point at an airplane flying over) by 14 months, not play pretend games (pretend to feed a doll) by 18 months, avoid eye contact and want to be alone, have trouble understanding other people’s feelings or talking about their own, have delayed speech and language skills, repeats words or phrases over and over (echolalia), give unrelated answers to questions, have unusual reactions to the way things smell, sound, look, feel….etc….(Source #4) “There is some evidence that the critical period for developing ASD occurs before birth, However, concerns about vaccines and infections have lead researchers to consider risk factors before and after birth. (Source #4) This means scientists don’t know all the causes of ASD, there may be many factors that make a child more likely to have ASD, including environmental, biological and genetic factors.

People with autism have a hard time communicating and there are many types of ASD but there are lots of notable figures who were successful. Researching this topic changed my perspective on what people with autism really face and just because they have autism doesn’t mean they’re “dumb” because I researched many successful ones. From researching this I would like to learn more about the conditions there are such as blindness.

 

Famous Autistic People. Autism Mythbusters, n.d. autismmythbusters.com/general-public/famous-autistic-people/.  Accessed 2 March 2017.

Issues, Problems and Challenges. Research Autism Updated, 27 October 2015, http://researchautism.net/autism-issues Accessed 6 March 2017.

Dr Ananya Mandal, MD. “Autism History”. News Medical Life Science, 14 Jan 2014, http://www.news-medical.net/health/Autism-History.aspx. Accessed 6 March 2017.

 

Defining Autism, CDC 2014, Autism Society of America 2014, https://www.asws.org/WhatisAutism.aspx. Accessed 6 March 2017.

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