The research topic I chose was Blindness. I chose this topic because I am interested and curious on how people who are blind can be able to know where they are going and how that can still be successful. This topic relates to Temple Grandin’s chapter “From the Margins to the Mainstream” because in that article her main message is to tell the reader that a person with a disability like herself can break the stereotype of not being able to be successful. People with disabilities can surpass that stereotype and be able to achieve their goals. My topic connects to her main message because I researched how a person with a disability of blindness can be successful and what it would take for them to be able to achieve their goals. The research question I chose is “How can people with blindness still be successful and what’s the difference between being born blind and becoming blind?” But I believe that no matter what disability you have like blindness you can still be successful through practice and by using the resources they have, just because they are blind it doesn’t mean they aren’t able to succeed and go to college. They are able to do most things that people with vision can do.

People can become blind by getting physically hurt in the head. If a person is hurt in the head hard enough then they can develop vision loss because they severely affected your brain nerves. “Head injuries caused by shaking are most common in infants and small children, but they can occur any time you experience violent shaking”(Krucik). This shows a hard hit to the head can affect your whole body. In conclusion, getting physically in the head can lead to blindness. Some other ways people can become blind are retina detachment, stroke, Glaucoma, retinal vascular occlusion, and optic Neuritis.

Blindness is disability someone can develop or be born with, and also it makes a person not be able to see very well or at all. When a child is born with blindness it can varies from multiply diseases to abnormalities. The child’s eye could have not fully developed and the optical nerve might have not been connected or the child may even become blind from a disease the mother had during the pregnancy. Those disease can be rubella, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, HIV, and some sexually transmitted infections including herpes, gonorrhea  and  chlamydia. “This can be caused by many different things, including abnormalities in the development of the eye or injury to eye structures from things like prematurity related retinopathy or infections or by developmental problems or injury to the parts of the brain responsible for vision” (Krucik). But not just diseases and abnormalities can lead to a child’s blindness also many health problems can affect a child’s vision. A person with diabetic retinopathy has damaged blood vessels and can potentially leak blood and fluid into the eye. Symptoms to this are seeing floaters or dark spots, difficulty seeing at night, blurred vision, a loss of vision, difficulty distinguishing colors. “Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that occurs as a result of damage to the blood vessels of the retina in people who have diabetes”(Krucik). This is an example that blindness can come from a lot of things that why we got to keep our bodies healthy and to keep well treated. Therefor blindness can come from almost anything that is not well for the body and  people should take care of their bodies so when they decide to have children their risk of their child being blind is lowered.

On the other hand, People with blindness can still be successful through practice and memorization. There were many famous people with blindness, they were mostly artists and they made music but to get where they are they practiced and worked hard to get there. A few ways people with blindness can still be successful is through practice and motivation that their families and friends can provide. “When Marla Runyan was 9 years old she developed Stargardt’s Disease, a form of macular degeneration that left her legally blind, but that never stopped her.” (Umansky)  Marla Runyan became blind when she was 9 but that didn’t stop her, she became the 1st blind person to go to the regular Olympics, the sport she competed in was track . Blind people can go anywhere to practice but they should not try to rush the practice, take it slow. Some ways their families and friends can help them is by offering a guiding hand and to never move something without telling them. They aren’t able to see very well so they have to map things out in their head. “But if you’re talking about how totally blind people get around in a city independently, they do it in one of two ways. They either use a white cane or a guide dog” (Farnam). This shows that people that can’t see can practice using these things to get around and for example attend classes or to get food. In conclusion, Through help from others and practice, people who are blind can still be successful and can still do most things that people with vision can do.

People who are blind either from an injury or being born that way can still be successful through practice and memorization. This research has changed my perspective because now I know that there are so many ways to become blind so now I’m more cautious. I also have more empathy towards them because I realized that people who are blind have more stress and determination because they have to do so much more to be successful. I now want to learn more about how maybe people who can’t see can be able to see through surgery and reconnecting the optic nerve.

Work Cited

Umansky, Natalie. 7 Amazing Blind People. Oddee, 17 June 2013, . Accessed 6 March 2017

Krucik, George. What causes blindness? 23 possible conditions. Health line, . Accessed 6 March 2017

Farnam Arie. How do blind people navigate around cities? Quora, 2 April 2015, . Accessed 6 March 2017